California Law and Its “Maxims of Jurisprudence”

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

While California statutes do not provide general canons of statutory construction, readers can find in the California Civil Code “Maxims of Jurisprudence”. These maxims are set forth in Division 4, General Provisions, Part 4, of the Civil Code, contained in Sections 3509 – 3548. So, what are these maxims? A “maxim” is generally defined as […]

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Tax Conformity Proposals in California

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

As the Franchise Tax Board explains, California tax law generally conforms to the federal Internal Revenue Code (IRC). However, there are numerous differences between California and federal tax laws. The fundamental problem for taxpayers with these state and federal differences is that they are required to make adjustments to the financial figures from their federal […]

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What Happens in the Last Part of the Legislative Session?

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

This is the final installment in a 3-part series about the major happenings in the legislative process pursuant to the California Constitution and relevant statutes. Part III is focused on the last part of the Legislative Session, which is the last month that the Legislature is in session, followed by the month in which the […]

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Is the California Legislature a Bill Factory?

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

In California, during its 2018 Legislative Session, the Legislature and Governor enacted 1,016 new laws, most of which took effect for 2019. That statistic raises the age-old question, “Is the California Legislature just a bill factory?” We leave to another day the answer to that question and whether the answer is good or bad. In […]

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Tax Reform in the 2019 California Legislative Session?

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

With the deadline for introducing new bills for the 2019 Legislative Session having passed, the California Legislature will embark on considering hundreds of tax-related measures until they adjourn in mid-September. There are over 350 tax related bills that were introduced, many without substantive language yet, with about 65 tax credit measures and half a dozen […]

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How Many Bills Will Governor Newsom Sign?

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

February 22 was the deadline for the introduction of bills for consideration during the 2019 California Legislative Session. A total of 2,576 bills were introduced by the deadline. There are about 1,800 Assembly Bills and over 775 Senate Bills that were introduced. This is a higher number than has been introduced in more than half […]

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What Happens in the Middle Part of the Legislative Session?

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

This is the second installment in a 3-part series about the major happenings in the legislative process pursuant to the California Constitution and relevant statutes. Part II is focused on the middle part of the Legislative Session, which is essentially the adoption of the state budget and consideration of bills in their second house. Part […]

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Legislative Intent and California Courts

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

In determining the intent of the Legislature in enacting state laws, California courts have historically taken a limited view of legislative materials that can be used to determine intent. The courts generally rely upon certain types of legislative history documents to gain an understanding of the meaning of a statute and, ultimately, to apply the […]

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What Happens in the First Part of the Legislative Session?

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

This is the first installment in a 3-part series about the major happenings in the upcoming Legislative Session pursuant to the California Constitution and relevant statutes. Part I is focused on the first part of the Legislative Session. Part II focuses on the middle part of the session, and Part III looks at the last […]

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2019 Brings Bans on Certain Settlement Agreement Provisions

Chris Micheli
Chris Micheli is a Principal with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc.

AB 3109 (Stone) takes effect on January 1, 2019 to make unenforceable any provision in a contract or settlement agreement that prevents a person from testifying in a judicial, administrative or legislative proceeding in response to a court order, subpoena or official request about alleged criminal conduct or sexual harassment. In addition, SB 820 (Leyva) […]

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