taxpayers and businesses consider the political landscape during and after the
coming election year, they might want to think about making a small but
powerful change to the state constitution. Article 2, Section 9 (a) grants the
people referendum power to challenge bills passed by the legislature and signed
into law by the governor. However, the constitution prohibits the use of
referendums for tax levies. Excising that prohibition from the constitution
would add an important taxpayer protection by potentially giving voters the
final say over taxes.
In the next election cycle, a major push will be made to get enough tax
friendly politicians elected to the legislature to scale the two-thirds vote
barrier required to levy taxes. Democrats think that capturing two-thirds of
both houses of the legislature is possible in the next election. They may be
According to Allan Hoffenblum, editor of the respected Target Book,
which follows the California electoral scene, "It appears that redistricting may
be favoring Democratic candidates, which could give the Democrats an
opportunity to capture two-thirds of both houses in 2012."
On top of that, the Service Employees International Union has made
no secret that it plans to use its influence in Republican leaning
districts to elect Republicans who may be more tax friendly.
Last year, public employee unions marched from Bakersfield to Sacramento
carrying a list
of proposed tax increases on individuals and businesses that totaled $40
After watching the budget battle this year, if tax increase interests capture
two-thirds of the legislature, there is little doubt that tax increases will be
Some might argue that if the voters choose legislators that support tax
increases then the voters must approve of the legislators’ actions to raise
taxes. Not necessarily.
As I have pointed out a number of times on this page, there are two electorates
in California – one that votes for its elected representatives and one that
votes directly on issues. Often the two are not in sync.
There are numerous examples in which the legislature would make a different
decision than the voters as proven by the results of a number of ballot
initiatives. Since this commentary deals with the right of the people to be
final arbiters on taxes, let’s cite tax examples when this occurred.
We know the legislature of the time did not support Proposition 13 but the people
did. In 1996, the voters passed the "Right to Vote on Taxes Act," Proposition
218. Legislators had a number of opportunities to pass a similar measure,
especially dealing with taxes disguised as benefit assessments, which was
corrected by Prop 218. Ross Johnson introduced the bill in the legislature only
to have it turned back in committee even though the Democratic chairman of one
committee noted the problem with assessment districts. In the last statewide
election, voters put their stamp of approval on Proposition 26 requiring a
two-thirds vote on fees, something that would never pass the legislature.
In fact, you could go back nearly 100 years to the progressives who championed
the initiative, referendum and recall. They formed the League to Protect the
Initiative to fight off attempts supported by legislators to make it more
difficult for the people to deal with tax matters through the initiative
about going back 100 years. There is the modern issue under the recently passed
Proposition 25 that if revenue increases are rolled into budget trailer bills they
can avoid a referendum.
In protecting their interests, taxpayers and businesses have different concerns
and motivations than legislators.
Businesses could be a particular target of tax increase efforts. The argument
will be made that taxes are isolated on a particular industry and "someone else
is paying the tax."
Even if the constitution was changed and taxes were raised, it would still be a
difficult task to refer a tax measure to voters. Proponents of a referendum
have a short 90 days to gather the necessary signatures and certainly not all
tax increases would be referred. If there were a true emergency, it is
extremely doubtful that money would be available to quickly qualify a
However, this constitutional change would give the ultimate word on taxes to
voters. The people have shown over the years that they want to have the power
to control taxes.
If taxpayers and businesses want to be sure to have a voice on potential tax
measures they should seek a change in the constitution now.